Appellations At A Glance


APPELLATION

GRAPES

SOIL

NOTABLE VINTAGES

WHY DO WE CARE?

NOTABLE PRODUCERS

St. Estephe
1377 HA under vine
56 Chateau
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Merlot
  • a bit of Cabernet Franc * Petit Verdot
A myriad of soils, but there is more clay in this region than any other Left Bank appellation ‘82 ‘89 ‘90 ‘96 ‘00 ‘03 ‘05 ‘08 ‘09 ‘10 ‘14 ‘15 It’s not ‘highly’ classified, so there are lots of great values within this region
  • Chateau Montrose
  • Cos d’Estournel
Pauillac
119 HA under vine
115 Chateau
  • Cabernet Sauvignon dominant, but also:
  • Merlot
  • Cabernet Franc
  • Petit Verdot
  • Malbec & Carmenere
  • Sémillon
  • Sauvignon Blanc
  • Muscadelle
Predominantly gravel, but there is some notable clay and iron deposits ‘82 ‘85 ‘89 ‘90 ‘95 ‘96 ‘00 ‘03 ‘05 ‘06 ‘08 ‘09 ‘10 ‘14 ‘15 Textbook examples of Bordeaux wine. Ageworthy
  • Chateau Pontet Canet
  • Chateau Pichon Lalande
St. Julien
910 HA under vine
  • Cabernet Sauvignon is the best performer, but all 5 allowable grape varietals are grown
Mix of gravel, sand, & clay ‘82 ‘90 ‘96 ‘00 ‘03 ‘05 ‘06 ‘08 ‘09 ‘10 ‘14 ‘15 More classified producers than any other Left Bank appellation; you can also see the original ditches built by the Dutch from the main highway
  • Leoville Las Cases
  • Leoville Barton (original family still owns the chateau from 1851)
Margaux
1355 HA under vine
80 Chateau
  • Cabernet Sauvignon dominant, although all allowable 5 grape varietals are present
  • Whites are sold as generic Bordeaux Blanc
Although diverse, it is mostly gravel which means that Margaux doesn’t do well in hot, dry vintages ‘83 ‘90 ‘95 ‘96 ‘99 ‘00 ‘05 ‘06 ‘08 ‘09 ‘10 ‘15 There is evidence that this was one of the 1st regions planted by the Romans
  • Chateau Margaux (d’uh!
  • Chateau Palmer
Haut Medoc
4198 HA under vine
400 Chateau
  • All 5 allowable red grape varietals are present
  • Once again, whites are sold as generic Bordeaux Blanc
Gravel with a bit of limestone ‘90 ‘95 ‘96 ‘00 ‘05 ‘06 ‘09 ‘10 ‘12 ‘14 ‘15 Several reasons! Chateau La Tour Carnet is one of the oldest producers from the 12th century; Haut Medoc is further divided into several smaller appellations: Listrac, Moulis; Haut Medoc Haut Medoc wouldn’t exist without those handy drainage ditches built by the Dutch.
  • Chateau Fourcas (Listrac)
  • Chateau Chasse Spleen (Moulis)
Pessac Leognan
3495 HA under vine
400 Chateau
  • Cabernet Sauvignon (plantings are increasing)
  • Merlot (losing out to Cabernet Sauvignon)
  • Cabernet Franc
Gravel with quartz pebbles. It’s a hot area ‘82 ‘89 ‘90 ‘95 ‘96 ‘98 ‘00 ‘01 ‘05 ‘06 ‘08 ‘08 ‘09 ‘00 ‘01 ‘05 ‘06 ‘08 ‘09 ‘10 ‘12 ‘14 ‘15 The entire region is located within the city of Bordeaux
  • Chateau Haut Brion
  • Chateau Haut Lafite
St. Emilion
5564 HA under vine
800+ producers
  • Merlot
  • Cabernet Franc (which is increasing in plantings)
3 distinct soil areas; predominantly limestone & clay ‘85 ‘89 ‘90 ‘98 ‘00 ‘01 ‘03 ‘08 ‘06 ‘08 ‘09 ‘10 ‘12 ‘15 The village of St Emilion is a UNESCO World Heritage Site; The Jurade Society is one of the oldest wine societies - founded in 1199; First region to export their wine
  • Chateau Cheval Blanc
  • Chateau Ausone
  • Chateau Figeac
Pomerol
800 HA under vine
150 producers
  • Merlot
  • Cabernet Franc
  • a smattering of Cabernet Sauvignon
The most famous clay soil in wine producing regions is the blue clay (over 400 million years old), and Petrus owns a vineyard that is mostly blue clay ‘82 ‘85 ‘89 ;90 ‘95 ‘98 ‘00 ‘01 ‘05 ‘06 ‘08 ‘09 ‘10 ‘12 ‘15 Home to 3 of the most sought after, expensive Bordeaux wines...and not part of the 1855 classification
  • Petrus
  • La Fleur
  • Le Pin
Satellite Appellations
  • Merlot (mostly)
  • Cabernet Franc
Some really great value and a diverse array of wines as the appellations are spread throughout the regions
  • Cotes de Castillon
  • Lalande de Pomerol
  • Fronsac
  • Canon Fronsac
  • Entre Deux Mers
  • Cotes de Bourg
  • Cotes de Franc
  • Cotes de Blaye
  • Vin de Pays: The producer is growing grapes that aren’t on the list of allowable grape varietals. Eg - Syrah